Current status of gas supply in Germany
On 23 June 2022, the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Climate Action (BMWK) declared the alert level of the gas emergency plan in Germany (FAQ des BMWK zum Notfallplan Gas). The alert level follows on from the early warning level declared on 30 March 2022.
Status report (as at: 1 PM, 8 December 2022)
- Since 23 June 2022 the alert level of the gas emergency plan has been in place.
- The gas supply in Germany is currently stable. The security of supply is safeguarded at present. Overall, the Bundesnetzagentur still views the situation as tense and cannot rule out a further worsening of the situation. The Bundesnetzagentur is monitoring the situation carefully and is in close contact with the system operators.
- Gas is mainly being taken out of storage. The total storage level in Germany is 95.97%. The storage level at the Rehden facility is 92.02%.
- Gas consumption in the week beginning 28 November 2022 was 13% lower than average consumption in the past four years and up by nearly 14% compared with the previous week. Consumption was well above that needed to meet the gas saving target. Temperatures were 0.2°C lower than in the previous years.
- The temperature-adjusted consumption was just 16.5% lower than the reference value of the past four years in the weeks beginning 21 and 28 November.
- Temperatures this week are forecast to be 2.38°C colder than the average of the past four years, so significantly higher consumption is expected.
- Wholesale prices are fluctuating greatly and have risen slightly recently. Businesses and private consumers must continue to adapt to a significantly higher price level.
- The Bundesnetzagentur stresses the need to save gas. Avoiding a national gas supply emergency this winter depends on three things: cutting gas consumption by at least 20%, LNG terminals starting operation at the beginning of next year, and the winter decrease in imports and the increase in exports – which are currently at a particularly low level – being relatively small.
There are three levels used to prepare for possible disruptions or interruptions to gas supply in line with the German Energy Security of Supply Act (EnSiG), the EU SoS Regulation (SoS) and the Emergency Plan for Gas:
- Early warning level
- Alert level
- Emergency level
The initiation of the individual crisis levels depends on the severity of the disruption, the expected economic and technical impact and the urgency of resolving the disruption at the national level.
In the event that the emergency level is declared, the Bundesnetzagentur becomes the national supply coordinator and takes on the statutory duty of distributing and allocating the scarce gas resources during the crisis. It does so in close coordination with gas network operators.