Power plant list
The Bundesnetzagentur's list of power plants and the information on new plant capacity and plant closures are updated on a regular basis.
The list includes all existing power plants in Germany with a net rated capacity of 10 MW or more. It also includes plants in Austria, Denmark, Luxembourg and Switzerland that feed into the German grid. In addition, the list shows the sum of generating facilities with a capacity of less than 10 MW that are eligible for payments under the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG) for each federal state and energy source. Generating facilities with a capacity of less than 10 MW that are not eligible for payments under the EEG are grouped by energy source.
|Total net rated capacity||Of which participating in the electricity market||Of which renewable energy sources||Of which eligible for payment under the EEG|
(as of 30 June 2020)
|229.2 GW||214.1 GW||127.7 GW||120.2 GW|
Download csv (German language only)
The data on the individual power plants are based on the Bundesnetzagentur's monitoring surveys.
The data on the facilities eligible for payments under the EEG are also based on information reported by the transmission system operators in connection with the annual EEG accounts and the Bundesnetzagentur's Marktstammdatenregister.
In addition to location details and the key data for each power plant (including energy source, capacity, system operator, voltage level), the "Power plant list" file also includes the following breakdowns by
- energy source, with a division between renewable and non-renewable sources;
- plant status (operational/temporary closure / seasonal mothballing1 /standby2 / prevented from closure (grid reserve)3 / coal-fired electricity marketing ban4 / special case5 / final closure);
- federal state and energy source;
- energy source for each year since 2011.
New plant capacity and plant closures
The data collected in the Bundesnetzagentur's monitoring surveys include data on plants with a net rated capacity of 10 MW or more that are planned to be put into or taken out of operation.
Owing to the plants' importance to security of supply, the Bundesnetzagentur also publishes key data on:
- power plants using non-intermittent sources6 that are under construction or in trial operation;
- power plants using non-intermittent sources that are scheduled for closure in the period up to the end of 2023 (scheduled temporary and final closures, broken down into closures officially notified and closures known of through the monitoring surveys);
- power plants that will no longer be participating in the electricity market but that will remain available for security of supply reasons;
- standby lignite-fired power plants that are scheduled for closure after the security standby period;
- lignite-fired power plants with a net rated capacity of 150 MW or more that are scheduled for closure in accordance with the Act to Reduce and End Coal-Fired Power Generation (KVBG);
- hard coal-fired power plants and small lignite-fired power plants that are scheduled for closure or conversion as a result of tendering to reduce coal-fired electricity generation under the KVBG.
|Construction/trial operation||Scheduled closures up to the end of 2023|
|* It should be noted that the figures are subject to a degree of uncertainty. Firstly, the volumes to be put out to tender in the third and fourth tendering processes under the KVBG are not yet known; it is therefore not possible to give exact figures for coal-fired power plant closures up to the end of 2023 in the above table. The tendering dates for the third and fourth processes are 30 April and 1 October 2021. The coal-fired operation bans resulting from the tenders awarded in these processes will take effect in 2022 and 2023. Secondly, ending coal-fired electricity generation at a plant does not necessarily mean that all the plant's capacity will be removed from the market since it is possible for plant operators to convert their plants to other energy sources.|
** The last bid awarded a tender may result in the volume put out to tender being considerably exceeded.
|Notified final closures||- 0.4 GW |
|Nuclear plant closures||- 8.1 GW|
|Standby lignite-fired power plant closures||- 2.4 GW|
|Lignite-fired power plant closures under the KVBG||- 2.5 GW|
|Plants with coal-fired electricity marketing bans from the second tendering process under the KVBG*||At least - 1.5 GW**|
Plants may only be closed after official notification as required by section 13b of the Energy Industry Act (EnWG) and after a certain period of time, usually twelve months. Notifications of final closures have been received for plants with a total capacity of 0.4 GW; these comprise plants that do not have to be kept available for security of supply reasons, plants whose importance for the system has yet to be rated, and plants that cannot be designated as important for the system.
Scheduled plant closures until 2023
In addition to these official notifications, the Bundesnetzagentur has received information about further scheduled plant closures through the monitoring surveys. Based on this information, the final closure of plants with a total capacity of a further 0.2 GW is also expected in the period up to the end of 2023.
|Energy source||Total capacity (MW)|
1 Seasonal mothballing refers to power plants that are closed during the summer season and fired up again afterwards.
2 In accordance with section 13g of the Energy Industry Act (EnWG), individual lignite-fired power plants will be transferred gradually from 1 October 2016 onwards to a pool of standby plants. These plants will remain on standby for a period of four years, during which the plants may not market electricity except for standby purposes. After the four-year period, the plants must be shut down permanently and may not return to the electricity markets.
3 Prevented from closure refers to power plants whose closure has been (temporarily) prohibited by the law. These plants are only operated at the transmission system operators' request to ensure security of supply.
4 Operators of hard coal-fired power plants or small lignite-fired power plants with a coal-fired electricity marketing ban in accordance with section 52(2) KVBG may not sell any of the coal-fired capacity or energy – using hard coal in a hard coal-fired power plant or lignite in a small lignite-fired power plant – on the electricity markets.
5 Special cases refer to power plants that are temporarily not in operation (eg owing to repairs following damage) or with restricted operation.
6 Non-intermittent sources refer to all energy sources with the exception of renewable sources such as hydro, solar and wind.
Date of modification: 2021.01.22