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Railway Market Analysis 2017

Railway Market Analysis 2017

Growing revenues were observed among railway undertakings and infrastructure managers in 2016. The revenues generated by railway undertakings rose to €20.1 billion; this figure was €6.3 billion for infrastructure managers. These are some of the many findings from the Railway Mar-ket Analysis 2017 which can be downloaded below. As in the previous year, the Bundesnet-zagentur published the results and analyses from its 2016 market survey in the Railway Market Analysis 2017.

The competitors in the rail freight segment grew their share of the market for transport services from 41 percent in 2015 to 46 percent in 2016. The share held by competitors in the short-distance passenger rail transport segment also increased, from 22 percent to 26 percent. By contrast, the share held by competitors in the long-distance passenger rail transport segment continued to be less than one percent. Operating performance on public train paths rose once again, from 1.078 billion train-path kilometres in 2015 to 1.098 billion train-path kilometres in 2016.

The 2017 market survey conducted by the Bundesnetzagentur in the railway sector marks the first time that this survey was carried out on the basis of the provisions of the Rail Regulation Act. Under this law, all market participants are obligated to take part in the Bundesnetzagentur's market survey. This obligation can also be enforced. Due to the market participants’ obligation to provide information to the Bundesnetzagentur, a greater number of enterprises took part in the market survey during the 2016 reporting period than in previous years.

Market Analyses Railway 2017 (pdf / 10 MB)

Railway Market Analysis 2016

Railway Market Analysis 2016

More traffic on the rails: Growing transport volumes were observed for all categories of transport services in 2015. Both the rail freight transport segment and short-distance passenger rail transport segment reported new records according to the Railway Market Analysis 2016 which is now available for download on the website of the Bundesnetzagentur. As in the foregoing year, the Bundesnetzagentur publishes in the Railway Market Analysis 2016 the results and analyses from the market survey it conducted in 2015.

Revenue generated by enterprises operating in the railway market increased slightly year-on-year, from €19.0 billion to €19.2 billion, a record high. This increase was due to revenue growth seen in the short-distance passenger rail transport segment and the rail freight transport segment. By contrast, revenue in the long-distance passenger rail transport segment declined slightly. Infrastructure managers generated a total of €6 billion in revenue from usage charges in 2015. This represents an increase of 3.4 per cent. Sixty-seven per cent of the railway undertakings generated a positive operating result for the year 2015.

The competitors in the rail freight market grew their market share of transport services provided from 36 per cent in 2014 to 41 per cent in 2015. The market share held by the competitors in the short-distance passenger rail transport segment increased from 19 per cent to 22 per cent. The share held by competitors in the long-distance passenger rail transport segment continued to be less than one per cent. Operating performance on public train paths reached a new record high and rose from 1.064 billion train-path kilometres in 2014 to 1.078 billion train-path kilometres in 2015.

The charges paid for using railway infrastructure represent a significant share of a railway enter-prise’s total costs. These charges continued to rise in 2015. All in all, enterprises operating in the rail freight transport segment had to expend 17 per cent of their revenue on infrastructure charg-es. This figure was some 25 per cent of revenue in the long-distance passenger rail transport segment and approximately 39 per cent in the short-distance passenger rail transport segment.

Market Analysis Railway 2016 (pdf / 6 MB)

Railway Market Analysis 2015

Railway Market Analysis 2015

It was a mixed year for the railway industry in 2014: Revenues of companies in the railways market rose moderately to a new record level of €19bn. However, growth in transport services was only reported in rail freight traffic. As regards the passenger rail service, there was a decline in traffic volume. This is the conclusion of the Railway Market Analysis 2015, which is now available as a download on the Bundesnetzagentur's web site. The same as last year, the Bundesnetzagentur has published the "Railway Market Analysis 2015" with findings and analyses taken from the market survey it carried out in 2014. The latest analysis shows that in 2014 most railway undertakings reported a positive operating result.

Revenues in the railway transport market as a whole increased by 1.6%. This increase was due to revenue growth in short-distance passenger rail transport and in rail freight traffic, in contrast, however, revenues from long-distance passenger rail transport remained steady. Infrastructure operators achieved total sales revenue in 2014 of €5.8bn from usage charges, up 3.6%.

Competitors to Deutsche Bahn companies for rail freight traffic were able to increase their market share in transport services from 33% in 2013 to 36% in 2014. While the competitors' share remained steady at 19% in short-distance passenger rail transport, in long-distance passenger rail transport it continued to fall significantly below one per cent. The operating performance on the public rail network rose from 1,056bn train path kilometres in 2013 to 1,064bn train path kilometres in 2014.

The charges due for the use of the railway infrastructure, which make up a significant portion of the total costs of a railway undertaking, increased once again in 2014. Overall, the rail freight traffic companies had to pay about 17% of their revenue, the long-distance passenger rail transport companies about 24% of their revenue and the short-distance passenger rail transport companies about 38% of their revenue in infrastructure charges.

Railways Market Analysis 2015 (pdf / 7 MB)

Railway Market Analysis 2014

Railway Market Analysis 2014

Due to the continued positive growth of the passenger and freight volumes in the year 2013, the railway undertakings’ revenues increased slightly again and reached a new record level. The operating result of most railway undertakings was positive. A growing competitor share was observed in the short-distance passenger rail transport segment and the rail freight transport segment. Track access charges and station prices for infrastructure use continued to rise in 2013. This is the result which is presented in the Railway Market Analysis 2014. This document can be downloaded on Bundesnetzagentur’s website. In the “Railway Market Analysis 2014” report, Bundesnetzagentur publishes results and analyses from the market survey carried out for the respected year 2013.

Railways Market Analysis 2014 (pdf / 3 MB)

Railway Market Analysis 2013

Having increased in the previous years, the market position of the German railway undertakings became stronger in 2012. Due to growing transport demand in the passenger transport segment, the railway undertakings’ revenues reached a new record level. This is the result that the Railway Market Analysis 2013 reached. This document can be downloaded on the Bundesnetzagentur’s website. In the “Railway Market Analysis 2013” report, the Bundesnetzagentur publishes results and analyses from the market survey which was carried out in 2013.

Railway Market Analysis 2013 (pdf / 604 KB)

Railway Market Analysis 2011

Position paper on "access to marshalling yards and other train formation facilities"

(final version taking statements received into account, as of 16 December 2010)

Position Paper 16 December 2010 (pdf / 124 KB)

Date of modification: 2016.04.20