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Spectrum for wireless access for the provision of telecommunications services

Spectrum compass 2020

Mobile communications account for a key proportion of telecommunications traffic and mobile data traffic is growing. High-speed mobile networks are needed to manage this growth. Suitable spectrum is a fundamental resource for these mobile networks.

The "Spectrum compass 2020" presents initial considerations on the future availability of spectrum for mobile communications in light of the fact that spectrum usage rights in the frequency bands relevant to mobile communications at 800 MHz, 1800 MHz and 2.6 GHz will be expiring on 31 December 2025. The expiry of spectrum usage rights must not lead to a standstill in network roll-out. The spectrum must therefore be re-provided at an early stage. Decisions need to be taken as to which spectrum should be included in the future award proceedings and which conditions should be attached to the spectrum usage rights. The Bundesnetzagentur will therefore open proceedings for the future provision of spectrum in good time before spectrum usage rights expire in order to create maximum planning and investment certainty for companies.

The intention behind the "Spectrum compass 2020" is to enable all interested stakeholders to take part at an early stage in the discussion about the provision of newly available spectrum for mobile communications. As the next step, the Bundesnetzagentur plans to look closely at various options for providing the mobile spectrum.

The Bundesnetzagentur welcomes comments on the "Spectrum compass 2020" from all interested stakeholders. Responses are to be submitted in German by 23 October 2020.

Spectrum Compass 2020 (pdf / 566 KB)

Mobile broadband – Spectrum for 5G

The Award of spectrum in the 2 GHz and 3.6 GHz bands (5G bands) ended on June 12, 2019 after 497 auction rounds with a total revenue of 6.55 billion Euro.

The spectrum auction was preceded by a qualification procedure to check that the legal requirements for admission to the auction had been fulfilled. The following companies were today admitted to the auction:

  • Drillisch Netz AG
  • Telefónica Germany GmbH & Co. OHG
  • Telekom Deutschland GmbH
  • Vodafone GmbH

Mobile Broadband - Project 2018

Spectrum diagram in the areas 700 MHz to 3,8 GHz (pdf / 162 KB)

Mobile Broadband - Project 2016

The Award of spectrum in the 700 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz and 1.5 GHz bands for mobile/fixed communications networks ended on June 19, 2015 after 181 auction rounds with a total revenue of 5.1 billion Euro.

The spectrum auction was preceded by a qualification procedure to check that the legal requirements for admission to the auction had been fulfilled. The following companies were admitted to the auction:

  • Telefónica Germany GmbH & Co. OHG
  • Telekom Deutschland GmbH
  • Vodafone GmbH

Mobile Broadband - Project 2016

Merger of E-Plus and Telefónica

In connection with the European Commission’s approval under competition law of the merger between the mobile operators Telefónica Deutschland and E–Plus the Bundesnetzagentur has published a decision on the frequency regulation aspects of the merger, in accordance with section 55(7) and (8) of the Telecommunications Act (TKG).

The decision specifies the following measures:

  • return of 900/1800 MHz spectrum by Telefónica / E-Plus before the expiry date of 31 December 2015 and close in time to reallocation of the so-called GSM spectrum (Project 2016)

in conjunction with

  • a subsequent examination of the post-merger spectrum distribution in light of all known facts (most notably the 900/1800 MHz reallocation).

Decision regarding the frequency regulation aspects of the merger between Telefónica and E-Plus (pdf / 813 KB)

Flexibilisation Of Frequency Usage Rights and Frequency Award 2010

The Bundesnetzagentur President's Chamber decision of 12 October 2009 on the flexibilisation of frequency usage rights in the bands at 450 MHz, 900 MHz, 1800 MHz, 2 GHz and 3.5 GHz (Ref BK1a-09/001) lifts unnecessary restrictions on the assigned frequency usage rights, allowing the network operators to use the frequencies on request on a technology-neutral basis for wireless access for the provision of telecommunications services.

Those frequencies auctioned between 12 April 2010 and 20 May 2010 from the 800 MHz, 1.8 GHz, 2 GHz and 2.6 GHz bands on the basis of the President's Chamber decision of 12 October 2009 (Ref BK1a-09/002) were also assigned in a technology-neutral manner.
Frequency Award 2010

These decisions take account of development in telecommunications markets, which are characterised by an increasing convergence of services and technologies, the merging of hitherto separate markets, a rapidly growing demand for broadband access to telecommunications networks and extensive flexibilisation of frequency regulation.

Flexibilisation of frequency usage rights
Examination of frequencies distribution