Navigation and service

Fixed Links

  • Point-to-point radio relay links (PP radio relay)
  • Point-to-multipoint radio relay links (PMP radio relay)

    • WLL-PMP radio relay links
    • PMP radio relay links for infrastructure purposes
    • Radio relay infrastructure links in the 28 GHz range for UMTS networks (PP and PMP radio relay)
  • Fees and contributions
  • Notes on the application procedure

    • PP radio relay
    • WLL-PMP radio relay
    • PMP radio relay infrastructure links (26 and 32 GHz ranges)
    • Radio relay infrastructure links in the 28 GHz range for UMTS networks

Fixed links

With entry into force of the Telecommunications Act (TKG) of 22 June 2004 (Federal Law Gazette Part I p 1190) the new EC regulatory framework for electronic communications networks and services has been transposed into national law.

Part 5 of the TKG contains the frequency regulation provisions.

The use of modern and innovative technologies in new telecommunications networks (based in particular on broadband communication technologies and providing mobile data services and a high-speed Internet access - Highspeed Portable Internet) increases the need for digital fixed radio relay links, a quicker and relatively inexpensive alternative to the conventional wired transmission media.

In accordance with Section 55 of the TKG the Federal Network Agency is the central body for planning, coordinating and assigning frequencies for fixed radio relay links, which guarantees that the spectrum available for fixed links is used as efficiently and effectively as possible and that all interested users have access to such links on a competition-neutral basis. This approach, based on internationally agreed principles, aims in particular to ensure that radio relay frequencies can be used in Germany and its neighbouring countries efficiently and with as little interference as possible.

Point-to-point radio relay links (PP radio relay)

For frequency assignments for the operation of digital point-to-point radio-relay equipment the following and other typical frequency ranges are available: 6, 7, 13, 15, 18, 23, 26, 28, 32 and 38 GHz. As far as the use of frequencies in the 18-GHz range is concerned, reference is made to Communication 20/2002 "Conditions of use for frequencies in the 17.7 - 19.7 GHz for radio relay links" as published in RegTP Official Gazette No. 1/2002 of 23 January 2002 (Subscribe to Official Gazette).

Other frequency subbands > 50 GHz will be opened for use by radio relay links (cf Administrative Rules on Radio Relay to be retrieved in the Internet (in German only).

Point-to-multipoint radio relay links (PMP radio relay)

Various frequency ranges are available for use by point-to-multipoint applications depending on the intended use.

- WLL-PMP radio relay links

For the provision of wireless local loops (WLL-PMP radio relay) the following frequency ranges are earmarked for frequency assignment: 2.54 - 2.67 GHz, 3.4 to 3.6 GHz and part of the 26 GHz range. The frequency award procedure, and frequency assignment procedure respectively, for WLL-PMP radio relay links have been published in RegTP Official Gazette No. 11/1998 (Orders 55 and 58). Order 55/1998 is available for download (in German only ) in pdf format here:

  • Procedure for awarding frequencies for FWA point-to-multipoint radio relay links (WLL-PMP-radio relay); President's Chamber ruling under Section 73(3) in conjunction with Section 11 of the TKG (See PDF file below)

In certain regions of the Federal Republic of Germany where the number of frequencies available was not adequate to satisfy demand, the frequencies have been awarded by tender. The rules governing the procedure and the results of the tendering processes already completed are available for download at:

  • Regulierung Telekommunikation/Frequenzordnung/WLL

Procedure for awarding frequencies for FWA point-to-multipoint radio relay links (pdf / 108 KB)

- PMP radio relay links for infrastructure purposes

For the provision of infrastructure transmission links by means of PMP radio relay frequencies are assigned in parts of the 26 and 32 GHz ranges. The assignment rules have been published in RegTP Official Gazettes Nos 15/2003 (Communication 205/2003), 16/2003 (Communication 228/2003) and 17/2004 (Communication 275/2004). The applicable versions are available for download (in German only) in pdf format:

Conditions of use for frequencies in the 26 GHz range for the provision of radio relay transmission links for infrastructure purposes in mobile and other telecommunications networks (pdf / 46 KB)

Nutzungsbedingungen für Frequenzen im 32-GHz-Bereich zur Realisierung von Richtfunkübertragungswegen (pdf / 75 KB)

- Radio relay infrastructure links in the 28 GHz range for UMTS networks (PP and PMP radio relay)

The frequencies in the 28 GHz range (28.0525 GHz - 28.4445 GHz / 29.0605 GHz - 29.4525 GHz) are available exclusively for infrastructure links in UMTS and other mobile networks. The frequencies are assigned either area-related for use by point-to-point or point-to-multipoint radio relay links, or site-related for use by point-to-point radio relay links only. The assignment rules have been published in RegTP Official Gazette No 16/2004 (Communication 263/2004). The applicable version can be viewed (in German only) in pdf format at:

Frequency assignment in the 28 GHZ range for use by radio relay links in UMTS/IMT-2000 mobile networks (pdf / 51 KB)

Fees and contributions Fees as determined in the Frequency Fee Ordinance and contributions as laid down in the Ordinance concerning Contributions for the Protection of Interference-Free Frequency Usage are payable for the assignment of frequencies. The one-time assignment fees are fixed on the basis of assignment parameters. The calculation formulas may be viewed in pdf format (see file below).

The annual contributions are determined on the basis of the costs incurred by Federal Network Agency per radio service each year. The current contributions may be viewed at:

  • Die Bundesnetzagentur/Gesetze/Verordnungen

    (Ordinance concerning Contributions for the Protection of Interference-Free Frequency - Frequenzschutzbeitragsverordnung - FSBeitrV)

A notice of contributions is prepared each for frequency usage contributions and EMC contributions. The individual amounts of the notices may be summarised in an extra sheet.

Calculation of frequency assignment fees for radio relay assignments (pdf / 32 KB)

Notes on the application procedure

The assignment of frequencies for radio relay applications must be applied for at the Federal Network Agency. The following requirements must be met for applications:

  • The fixed link equipment to be used must conform to the essential requirements set forth in the German Radio Equipment and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment Act (FTEG). For this purpose conformity must be declared with the relevant European standards. As a rule, the Agency assumes that the system technology used for all new frequency assignments is digital.
  • Applicants do not have a legal right to particular transmitting frequencies, but may state their preference. During the assignment procedure the Agency will check whether or not the preferred or other frequencies are available and can be coordinated (compatibility with other fixed links already operated, international coordination and, upon application, coordination with military users, where appropriate).
  • Part of the frequency assignment is the frequency usage fact sheet containing the technical parameters. Explanatory notes are attached to the frequency assignment. Frequencies are assigned subject to implementation of the results of an international coordination possibly to be effected or subject to revocation. In this case, the applicant bears the economic risk of the assignment being revoked if the frequency cannot be coordinated.
  • The Federal Network Agency does not do any general technical, radio hop or radio relay system planning work in connection with frequency assignment. These tasks need to be carried out, or outsourced, by the fixed link operators themselves.

Frequency assignment applications must be submitted using application forms. Guidance notes on how to fill in the forms are provided.

PP radio relay

Application form (pdf / 25 KB)

Guidance notes (pdf / 28 KB)

WLL-PMP radio relay

Application form (pdf / 38 KB)

Notification form (pdf / 51 KB)

Guidance notes (pdf / 35 KB)

PMP radio relay infrastructure links (26 and 32 GHz ranges)

Application form (pdf / 37 KB)

Notification form (pdf / 51 KB)

Radio relay infrastructur infrastructure links in the 28 GHz range for UMTS networks (forms for area-related frequency assignments)

Application form (pdf / 38 KB)

Notification form: Usage parameters for point-to-multipoint links (pdf / 54 KB)

Guidance notes for the point-to-multipoint usage parameter notification form (pdf / 37 KB)

Notification form: Usage parameters for point-to-point links (pdf / 89 KB)

Guidance notes for the point-to-point links (pdf / 48 KB)

Applications for frequency assignment for the operation of radio relay equipment should be sent to

Bundesnetzagentur
Referat 226 / Richtfunk
Fehrbelliner Platz 3
10707 Berlin

For general information about radio relay planning and frequency assignments please contact
Referat 226
Telephone: +49 30 224 80-360

As of September 2004

Date of modification: 2005.10.10