The Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC)
In 2010, BEREC, the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications, was founded based on an EU Regulation (EC No. 1211/2009), which was reviewed in 2018. This group's duty is to establish greater coordination in national regulatory practices through the uniform implementation –as far as possible – of the European regulatory framework for electronic communications networks and services, in order to promote the development of an internal market.
The concept of an Office separate from the Board of Regulators itself is thus realised, with the Office being a legal entity under Community law. Nevertheless, BEREC is not an agency overall, but an umbrella organisation comprising the Board of Regulators (not a legal entity) and the Office. The latter is run by a Management Board consisting of representatives from the 27 National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs) of the EU Member States and one representative of the Commission. In 2021, the Board of Regulators and the Management Board are chaired by Michel van Bellinghen of the Belgian Regulatory Agency BIPT. László Ignéczi is the Administrative Manager in charge of the BEREC Office, which has its headquarters in Riga.
As for the work itself, this is done, as in the past, in working groups, in which experts from the NRAs draft reports and position papers and prepare the decisions of the Board of Regulators. BEREC's expert working groups cover topics such as issues regarding Net Neutrality, International Roaming, End-User related issues or the implications of recent developments such as Over-The-Top services ("OTT"). In 2021, all working groups still have a focus on BEREC's responsibilities following the adoption of the European Electronic Communications Code (EECC), according to which BEREC had to develop, among others, 12 guidelines.
BEREC is also involved in the procedures according to Articles 32 and 33 of the EECC which require NRAs to notify the European Commission prior to adoption of certain regulatory measures such as market definitions, market analyses and subsequent regulatory orders. Here, BEREC responds to the notifications of planned market regulation decisions submitted by the NRAs. However, there will still be no powers for the Commission to veto the remedies.