Even after liberalisation of the telecoms market, the former monopoly company, Deutsche Telekom AG, will be able to stay dominant for a long time. The central task of regulation must therefore be to keep a check on the dominant provider's market power and to help new competitors enjoy the same opportunities. Hence the federal government's approach goes beyond just the "ex post" control of anti-competitive practices. The regulatory tasks are so specialised that they cannot be resolved with the tools of general competition law alone. That is why sector-specific regulation is necessary at least until workable competition has been established in the telecoms market.
The Energy Act assigned the task of regulating Germany's electricity and gas markets to the Bundesnetzagentur.
The purpose of regulation is to establish fair and effective competition in the supply of electricity and gas. The responsibilities of the Bundesnetzagentur therefore include ensuring non-discriminatory third-party access to networks and policing the use-of-system charges levied by market players.
A non-discriminatory, reasonably priced supply of electricity and gas for all who want it will encourage greater competition in these important (wholesale) markets. And this will ultimately benefit consumers, who can look forward to having a greater selection of energy suppliers to choose from, not to mention lower energy prices.
The Bundesnetzagentur will use the regulatory experience it has gained in the telecommunications and postal markets to implement a lean and efficient system of regulation.
The German postal market represents a key industry within the logistic sector. The increasing needs for transportation and delivery of smaller or larger goods on the one hand, online ordering and other e-commerce activities on the other hand are the main drivers for the market development. Postal operators widen their services to benefit from future market growth.
In 2014 the postal market developed positively overall, with total revenue reaching around €28.8bn. Of this, around €8.6bn were accounted for by the licensed letter sector (letter items up to 1,000g). The market for postal services not requiring a licence, which includes the conveyance of press items as well as courier, express and parcel services (CEP), reported a record high with revenue of approximately €20.2bn.
Major determinations by the Chamber responsible for postal matters may be found under Ruling Chamber 5.
Acts and ordinances for the postal sector are to be found under JURIS.